HOSAKA Takashi

Faculty & Position:Department of Psycho-oncology  doctor
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Last Updated: Aug. 29, 2020 at 05:06

Researcher Profile & Settings

Qualification

  • 医学博士

Research Activities

Research Areas

  • Life sciences / Psychiatry

Misc

  • A structural model of the relationships among self-efficacy psychological adjustment, and physical condition in Japanese advanced cancer patients
    K Hirai, Y Suzuki, S Tsuneto, M Ikenaga, T Hosaka, T Kashiwagi
    PSYCHO-ONCOLOGY 11(3) 221-229 May 2002
    We made detailed research for relationships among physical condition, self-efficacy and psychological adjustment of patients with advanced cancer in Japan. The sample consisted of 85 (41 males and 43 females) advanced cancer patients. Interviews were conducted with some measurement scales including the Self-efficacy scale for Advanced Cancer (SEAC). and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) and medication status were also recorded from the evaluation by physicians. We used structural equation modeling (SEM) for statistical analysis. The analysis revealed that the model, including three self-efficacy subscales, depression. anxiety, KPS. meal, liquid-intake. prognosis and three latent variables: 'Self-efficacy'. 'Emotional Distress'. and 'Physical Condition,' fit the data (chi-square(24) = 28.67, p = 0.23: CFI = 0.98; RMSEA = 0.05). In this model. self-efficacy accounted for 71 ' of the variance in emotional distress and physical condition accounted for of the variance in self-efficacy. Overall, our findings suggest clearly that close relationships existed among physical condition. self-efficacy and emotional distress, That is. patients in good physical condition had a high self-efficacy, and patients with high self-efficacy, ere less emotionally distressed, These results imply that psychological intervention which emphasizes self-efficacy would be effective for advanced cancer patients. Copyright (C) 2002 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.


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